The Portal for Public History They employed local Chinese and imported Muslim troops and experts to handle the siege warfare. Some good books on the formation of the Mongol Empire are "Genghis Khan: Life, Death, and Resurrection" by John Man and "Genghis Khan and the Making of the Modern World" by Jack Weatherford. At the time of his death both Xi Xia and the Jin had not been finished of completly. Europe became aware of a much wider world than they had known about. The Mongol Empire as a Eurasian Network Use HWK 534-539 and underline the answers to the following questions. Because there was no clear rule about succession, it was open. 3: Stubbornness of defenders, 100 years war, 80 years war, 30 years war, Europeans in general were willing to fight for years regardless of the destruction and casulaties. Why didn't the Mongols invade Western Europe? But in the thicker wooded area of western Europe (before it was cut and farmed like today) on the thin roads and small fields, in the close quarters the heavy armor knights would have slaughtered them. Why didn't the Mongols invade Western Europe? There were also a lot more of them than in 1241 and the castles were designed to hold out for a long time without additional food or water. Or is only a combination of effort / reward, lots of sieges and thus a long campaigns vs very little gain? If one reads about the 1241 Mongol invasion of ''Europe'', a common narrative is that: Europe was spared because the Khan died, and that the Mongols would have easy bulldozed all of it, because they also took China and the Middle East. Another thing to consider is that the mongols clearly set out to conquere everything, that was there idiology. Which of the following was a result of European diplomatic exchanges with the Mongols in the thirteenth century? The Mongol army of 130,000 would be divided; 20,000 would invade Poland under Baidar and Kadan (two half-cousins of Batu) to ensure the flanks would be safe, while the remainder divided into three armies to conquer Hungary – this all occurring in the middle of winter, when the Europeans would be unprepared and the Mongols would be at home. Do you know of any books on the subject that are written with passion, rather than a dry academic approach? And even so, defeating all of China's fortresses and river navies took them over 60 years. This is however, speculative. The Mongols, seemingly coming from nowhere and quickly gaining a reputation as the ‘horsemen of the Devil’, enjoyed victory after victory, and eventually got as far west as the city of Wroclaw in Poland. death of the khagan Ogedei caused Batu to leave w/ armies to attend to secession What then were the only two areas to remain free of Mongol assaults? In my opinion, its nonsens for the following simple reason: The failed second invasion of 1285, were they failed to take any major castle or citadel this combined with bad weather (snow) and lack of food lead to a clear defeat, and they would never try again. But a new study in the journal Scientific Reports looked at a different kind of record to solve the mystery of the horde’s abrupt exit from central Europe: tree rings.. The Pope of course ... had enough loot from sacking pre modern russia and parts of eastern europe then there would be no need to go further west. Which of the following statements best characterizes Mongol rule of Persia? the answer was Genghis Khan's stupid system of inheritance for political control. Which of the following was a result of the great plague of the fourteenth century? So the Mongols had the ability to continue west into Europe, but didn't. Why did the Mongols choose not to continue to invade Europe? Which Mongol leader led the conquests in the Muslim territories? Ogedai himself was the third son of Genghis, and his older brothers were both dead, leaving behind sons of their own. And after 1285, the amount and strength of castles only grew and sieges became ever more prevelant (like the sieges of Calais and Orleans or in the Middle East during the Crusades). The Mongolian empire was a universalising enterprise. It was an unparalleled human catastrophe. Europe became aware of a much wider world than they had known about. 2) Logistics—The Mongol hordes required a lot of grass, so sustained campaigns were difficult. The fact is he himself was nowhere near conquering europe. New comments cannot be posted and votes cannot be cast, More posts from the AskHistorians community. It's worth remembering that people in the past couldn't see into the future, and they generally didn't have all the information we now have about their situations; things that … From my understanding when a new leader was chosen the Mongols held a kurultai, where all the important officials in the empire were expected to attend and vote on a new leader. I suggest that the Mongols were "weak" in Hungary in 1285 in the same way that the Muslims were "weak" in France in 732: these forces were far from their home bases, and going after relatively poor, low-plunder countries. Why didn't the Mongols invade Western Europe? The Portal for Public History The Mongol army conquered hundreds of cities and villages and also killed millions of men, women and children. Secondly, 'why didn't X do Y' questions are sometimes phrased in an ahistorical way. What made Hungary able to beat the Mongols was … Lord of Hosts When Batu Khan and his 150,000 horsemen set off on their great ride into the West in 1235, they clearly had annexation in their mind. Wiki User Answered . China. But how true is this? Alternatively, do you (or anyone else reading this) know how historically accurate Conn Igguldens "Conqueror" series is? Open new ticket Watched. Which of the following statements is true of pastoral societies in general? He had send scouting forces into south russia and other mongol armys were scouting around in the direction of middle east and they learned avout india in that time. 1258 The castles in for example Hungary were effective because they were made of stone and had high walls, in contrast to most of the Hungarian fortifications in 1241. Battle of Ain Jalut. Home. The Mongol conquests of the 13th century resulted in widespread destruction that has been widely noted in scholarly literature. So the Mongols had the ability to continue west into Europe, but didn't. Why didn't the Mongols invade Western Europe? you'll find more responses in these threads. Mongol raids into Palestine took place towards the end of the Crusades, following the temporarily successful Mongol invasions of Syria, primarily in 1260 and 1300.Following each of these invasions, there existed a period of a few months during which the Mongols were able to launch raids southward into Palestine, reaching as far as Gaza. Mongol invasions of Anatolia occurred at various times, starting with the campaign of 1241–1243 that culminated in the Battle of Köse Dağ.Real power over Anatolia was exercised by the Mongols after the Seljuks surrendered in 1243 until the fall of the Ilkhanate in 1335. Batu. What was the importance of Marco Polo? This meant that Batu, son of Genghis' first son Jochi, was now a contender for Great Khan. 2017-10-25 04:37:44 2017-10-25 04:37:44. Please read the rules before participating, as we remove all comments which break the rules. The second reason is that the goals of the Mongols had been achieved. Two days later the armies regrouped and crushed the Hungarian army at the Battle of Mohi, killing up to a quarter of the population and destroying as much as half of the habitable dwellings. European Knights could outnumber Mongol forces (if they were united in an alliance) and their armour was superior too. This due to lack of open battles and steppe, combined with the fact that the only way to win is lay siege and the historical proof that mongols clearly failed in their sieges in 1285. When Ogedei died, it was expected that the leaders meet to chose a new Great Khan. Mongol invasion of Europe Part of Mongol invasions and conquests Mongol invasion of Europe 1236-1242 Date Mid- through late-13th century Location Eastern and Central Europe, the Caucasus, and the Balkans Result Numerous European political entities destroyed, subjugated, or raided and forced to pay tribute. In 1219, Genghis sent a group of half-a-thousand Muslims to the Empire, only for them to be intercepted in a city named Otrar by its governor, Inalchuq, an esteemed aide of the Khwarezmian Emperor, Muhammad II. Planning to invade Italy,Austria, and Germany in the winter of 1241-42,the Mongol army was on the march when news came from the Mongol capital, Karakorom, of the death of Ogatai, son and successor of Genghis Khan.The law of Genghis Khan clearly stated Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts, https://www.reddit.com/r/AskHistorians/comments/1l68g8/why_siege_a_castle_during_medieval_warfare/. India and Western Europe Which Mongol leader led the conquests in the Muslim territories? How does this compare to China? How badly would the Mongols have raped western Europe if they hadn't had to go back to choose a new ... - "/his/ - History & Humanities" is 4chan's board for discussing and debating history. 2: Small fractured states means no capitals to take, you need to overpower every single ''nation'', beating down X wont mean Y will give up without a fight. they effectice tried twice, the first time they lost steam and they pulled back, the second time they simply failed. And children will be removed his army with him eldest son inherits '': //www.reddit.com/r/AskHistorians/comments/1l68g8/why_siege_a_castle_during_medieval_warfare/ eldest son inherits '' if. Expansion into Western Europe still be as good for mounted warfare a lot of grass, so sustained campaigns difficult! Third son of Genghis, and it might well have been so easy, why the! 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