Large stands of Himalayan balsam may often be smelt before they are seen; the plant gives off a heady (some say sickly) sweet smell which can; be very strong if the stand is large. Himalayan Balsam can grow between 6 to 10 feet tall and is easily identifiable by its slightly serrated green oval shaped leaves, edged in red. Himalayan balsam is listed under schedule 9 of the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981. Marie, ON Himalayan balsam is an annual herb, native to the western Himalayas. A native of the Western Himalaya, it was introduced in 1839 to Kew Gardens as a greenhouse exotic. It can grow one meter per month reaching a final height of three meters. Smaller infestations can be easily controlled by hand-pulling, as the root of Himalayan balsam is very shallow. It grows in dense stands and can be up to 2m tall. P: (705) 541-5790 Ok says you – may the best man win, it is very pretty and the bees love it. The insects may transfer pollen between flowers of conspecifics or from the same plant. Himalayan balsam (Impatiens glandulifera) has rapidly become one of the UK’s most widespread invasive weed species, colonising river banks, waste land, damp woodlands, roadways and railways.It reaches well over head height, and is a major weed problem. Himalayan Balsam Species Impatiens glandulifera. Impatiens macrochila Lindl. Himalayan balsam produces dense stands, creating monocultures and reducing biodiversity by limiting nutrient and habitat availability and shading out native plants. It is vehemently hated by some and actively persecuted by others. Himalayan Balsam can grow between 6 to 10 feet tall and is easily identifiable by its slightly serrated green oval shaped leaves, edged in red. Read about the problems this rapidly spreading invasive plant can cause. This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy and Terms of Service apply. Impatiens glandulifera, mostly commonly known as Himalayan Balsam, is one of the most aggressively spreading invasive plants in the UK. The following information below link to resources that have been created by external organizations. Dependent on local climate, Himalayan balsam flowers between July and October. This species can aggressively replace native perennial plants along riverbanks, over time leading to soil erosion. However, growing this plant should be avoided, as it spreads rapidly and will quickly overtake native species and reduce biodiversity. Himalayan balsam flowers are pink, with a hooded shape, 3-4 cm tall and 2 cm broad; the flower shape has been compared to a policeman’s helmet. Himalayan balsam has a very shallow root making uprooting by hand easy. Himalayan Balsam, or Impatiens glandulifera, to use its scientific name is a large, annual plant species native to, as its name suggests, the Himalayan mountains of East Asia.Growing alongside the colossal peaks and quaint streams of Nepal, Myanmar and other nearby nations. If you think you have spotted Himalayan Balsam on your land, and want to know what to do next, call the experts at Wise Knotweed Solutions on 0808 231 9218 or find your local branch. Himalayan balsam flowers have a hooded shape that looks similar to a policeman's helmet. While it comes from Asia, it has spread into other habitats, where it pushes out native plants and can wreak serious havoc on the environment. The first record of it being planted in gardens is 1839. “A n unpleasant rank smell from mucus glands,” says one website; ... Other sources say Himalayan balsam was introduced from the western Himalayas … Commonly found along riverbanks and streams, around ponds and lakes, in wet woodlands and in ditches and damp meadows. I’m from a big family so expensive trips to theme parks and holidays abroad were off the cards for us. The pulling technique must be undertaken so that whole plant is uprooted and normally best done if pulled from low down the plant - If snapping occurs at a node the pulling must be completed to include the roots. Himalayan balsam ( Impatiens glandulifera ) is a relative of the busy Lizzie, but reaches well over head height, and is a major weed problem, especially on riverbanks and waste land, but can also invade gardens. Himalayan Balsam has an orchid shaped flower resembling a British policeman’s helmet, which gave rise to its other common name of “Policeman’s helmet”. The stem of a Himalayan Balsam plant will be hollow, red-jointed, and hairless. However, it does have some redeeming features and whilst I can understand the reasons for it being much despised I feel somebody has to speak up in support of this controversial but defenceless and, even though invidious of me to say it, invaluable plant! Himalayan balsam is a plant native to the Himalayas and was introduced to Britain by Victorian plant hunters. It is the tallest annual plant (completes its life cycle in one year) in Ireland growing up to 3m high. Sault Ste. but it is a phenominal plant - reminiscent of the triffid. Not so fast says I and look what happens when winter comes: In the early 1800s it was introduced to many parts of Europe, New Zealand and North America as a garden ornamental. Ut elit tellus, luctus nec ullamcorper mattis, pulvinar dapibus leo. Impatiens glandulifera Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Eudicots Clade: Asterids Order: Ericales Family: Balsaminaceae Genus: Impatiens Species: I. glandulifera Binomial name Impatiens glandulifera Royle Synonyms List Balsamina glandulifera Ser. Himalayan balsam was introduced as a garden plant in 1839, but soon escaped and became widely naturalised along riverbanks and ditches, especially close to towns. Himalayan balsam flowers may be white, light pink, dark pink, purple, or multicoloured. When seed capsules mature and dry, they will explode when touched, shooting seeds in all directions! Himalayan balsam flowers are pink, with a hooded shape, 3-4 cm tall and 2 cm broad; the flower shape has been compared to a policeman’s helmet. Seeds can spread up to 5 m from the parent plant. However, most people would not be able to identify it despite its unique characteristics and smell. Himalayan Balsam is for me the definitive smell of childhood summers. There is no obligation to eradicate this species from land or to report its presence to anyone. Himalayan balsam (Impatiens glandulifera) is an invasive terrestrial plant species that was first introduced as an ornamental garden plant and is spread exclusively by seed.Since it was introduced, it has spread to most parts of Ireland. Himalayan balsam Himalayan Balsam control along the River Seph. Himalayan balsam is widely distributed across Canada and can be found all of provinces except Saskatchewan. It is a high contender on the 100 most invasive species list which has legislation in place to control it’s spread and groups all over the country are trying to come up with a plan to remove it. Himalayan Balsam (Impatiens glanulifera) is an attractive looking flower, with a stout, hollow stem, trumpet shaped pink/white flowers and elliptical shaped green leaves. This annual species can aggressively replace native perennial plants along riverbanks, leading to soil erosion. Preventing the Spread of Himalayan Balsam Himalayan Balsam spreads through natural transport pathways such as flowing rivers and wildlife, as well as through human transportation such as boats and footwear. It is locally c… Via human introducti… The more seeds we eat, the fewer seeds there will remain to spread this plant. Growing and spreading rapidly, it successfully competes with native plant species for space, light, nutrients and pollinators, and … instructions how to enable JavaScript in your web browser. The plant produces a large amount of nectar which may result in less pollination of native species by bumblebees and a subsequent loss of biodiversity. How to get rid of Himalayan Balsam. instructions how to enable JavaScript in your web browser. To reduce the spread of the invasive species Origins. Alternatively, you can contact the team using our contact form. It is an offence to plant this species or to cause it to grow in the wild. By foraging for this free food you can help your budget and the environment. Himalayan Balsam is a tasty plant commonly eaten as curry in its native Northern India. Himalayan balsam’s prolific nectar production draws pollinators away from other plants and is a main draw for gardeners wanting to attract more pollinating species. It is fast-growing and spreads quickly, invading wet habitat at the expense of other, native flowers. It prefers moist soils but will grow pretty much anywhere. Although Himalayan balsam is an attractive plant, it has rapidly become one of the UK’s most widespread invasive weed species, colonising river banks, waste land, damp woodlands, roadways and railways. Instead our school summer holidays were filled with days out in local beauty spots. Himalayan Balsam is rapidly spreading in North West Wales. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. How to identify Himalayan Balsam. It has an explosive seed capsule, which scatters seeds over a distance of up to 7m. However, if this species spreads to the wild or to a neighbour’s property then landowners/ Impatiens glandulifera is a large annual plant native to the Himalayas. Himalayan balsam moving in beneath dying ash trees. Leaves: This plant has long, toothed leaves 5-23 cm long. Himalayan Balsam is a common weed familiar to everybody. For full functionality of this site it is necessary to enable JavaScript. Unlike Japanese Knotweed, Himalayan Balsam propagates via seeds, which will explode upon touch when ready. This will kill off any viable materials before disposal. As the seeds are not very robust and only last about 18 months, management can be completed in two years as long as proper disposal has occurred and all plants have been removed. 2-Methoxy-1,4-naphthoquinone or "lawsone methyl ether" [an anti-inflammatory, fungicidal agent] Himalayan Balsam (Impatiens glandulifera) is known to many people as an attractive plant with a familiar sweet scent, and a reputation for being a good nectar source for bees. Plants can grow up to 3m tall, making this the tallest annual species growing wild in the UK. Himalayan Balsam - Free food. It's quite pretty. Here are the Below the leaf stems the plant has glands that produce a sticky, sweet-smelling, nectar. Himalayan balsam is widely distributed across Canada and can be found in eight provinces. It has naturalized in the United States. If management must take place when seeds are present (typically in late May), place a bag over the top of the plant to avoid further dispersal. However, it is such a good source of nectar that often bees will visit Himalayan Balsam in preference to native plants. Himalayan balsam (Impatiens glandulifera) is an introduced summer annual that has naturalised in the UK, mainly along riverbanks and ditches. Background: Invasive species can interfere in the structure and functioning of ecosystems. This plant is the least harmful of our three main invasive species. Cutting the plants down to ground level can stall their progress, but by sure to plan your attack for the end of June; too late and you risk spreading the seeds, too early and you risk precipitating a regrowth of new stems. We balsam bash before the plant flowers to prevent seeding, but once it flowers, the seeds will develop even if you pull it up. Himalayan balsam creates dense and tall stands that prevent native plants from establishing and reduce biodiversity. This plant is a “touch-me-not” plant, which means that when its seed capsules mature and dry, they explode when touched. Produced by Cymdeithas Llandudoch, St Dogmaels Community Association The information on these pages has been pulled together by non-experts, through extensive web searches and limited consultation with experts. The crushed foliage has a strong musty smell. Did you know? Himalayan Balsam, spoiling aesthetics and reducing the diversity of wildlife along the river. Stem: The hollow, purple/reddish stem grow between 1-3 m tall. I believe I owe my love of wildlife, plants and foraging to those days out. Himalayan balsam closely resembles native jewelweed, another type of ‘touch-me-not’ plant. It is a non-native, highly invasive weed that damages the habitats it finds itself in by crowding out our native species. Flowers: Himalayan balsam’s pink flowers are a key ID feature in the late growing season. A clump of plants with flowers of different colours is a lovely sight. Himalayan balsam (Impatiens glandulifera) is an exotic-looking annual that has pink, helmet-shaped flowers (also known as "policeman’s helmet”), rapid growth, and an entertaining mode of explosive seed dispersal. The flowers have a hooded shape and look similar to a policeman’s helmet. Find out what is involved with a Wise survey and the available Himalayan balsam control. Cutting the plant below the lowest node can help stop regeneration. Has anyone identified the compound(s) that make up the distinctive and intense scent of Himalayan Balsam (Impatiens glandulifera)?I’ve found a number of compounds associated with Impatiens sp., but it does not look like any of them would be carriers of the scent:. The explosion of the Himalayan balsam’s fruit capsule can fire seeds up to seven metres. Himalayan Balsam is a good nectar source, and because it flowers late, it is widely loved by beekeepers. 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