The leaves resemble ribbons with flat edge, straight and … [20], Cogongrass is difficult to contain mainly because it is highly adaptive to harsher environments, establishing itself on soils low in fertility. Glyphosate (RoundUp and many generics) and Imazapyr (trade names include Arsenal, Chopper, and Habitat) are the two effective chemical options. Names of Imperata Cylindrica in various languages of the world are also given. This is very invasive in the S.E. The nutrients in wheatgrass aid the body in getting rid of impurities and … Cogon grass (Imperata cylindrica) is an invasive, non-native grass which occurs in Florida and several other southeastern states. Figure 5. The leaves are 2-6 feet in length and taper to a point (Figure 1). • Characteristics and management of Imperata cylindrica (L.) Raeuschel in smallholder farms in developing countries, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations [23] It failed to prevent erosion because of how weedy it was and animals wouldn't eat it as fodder. The chemicals it releases as well as the dense mat of vegetation that usually accompanies a cogongrass invasion gives it an advantage over indigenous plants.[20]. The graders inadvertently break rhizomes as they go along and the fragments are “planted” in the re-deposited soil. [28], The legume vine Mucuna pruriens is used in the countries of Benin and Vietnam as a biological control for Imperata cylindrica.[29]. It has also been introduced to Latin America, the Caribbean, and the southeastern United States. Cogongrass is used as a soil binder (to prevent soil erosion), animal feed, and herbal medicine. Deep plowing may be effective in the removal of cogongrass if the plow reaches up to 6 i… Optimizing the timing of applications is a key first step. Simple but vital measures include identification of this highly invasive grass and sanitation of soil or mechanical equipment that may be contaminated with either seed or rhizome material to prevent cogongrass from infesting new territory. [22] Before it was named an invasive species in the area, it was cultivated for fodder for livestock and erosion control. Cogon grass (Imperata cylindrica). Cogongrass is by no means a new issue in Northwest Florida, this highly aggressive, invasive species has been causing problems in pastures, pine plantations, rights-of way, and about everywhere else you can think of for many years. Breaking the rhizomes helps to dry them out and deplete stored energy. The grass tends to be averse to dense shade, but reports indicate more shade-tolerant strains are developing. The flowers and the roots are antibacterial, diuretic, febrifuge, sialagogue, styptic and tonic.. Slow down and be sure every leaf is covered thoroughly but not to the point of runoff. Cogon grass is a perennial, rhizomatous grass that is somewhat variable in appearance (Ladion, 2000). David The Good March 27, 2018 - 4:26 pm. A decoction of the root is used as an anthelmintic and also to treat digestive disorders such as indigestion, diarrhoea and dysentery. Other uses include paper-making, thatching and weaving into mats and bags. Loving your articles and videos on youtube. Don’t forget to include a surfactant with your herbicide. It is used in traditional Chinese medicine.[14]. In some scenarios it may be feasible and beneficial to plant a cool-season annual (like ryegrass) over dormant cogongrass (assuming foliage has been removed by fire or some other means). Cogon grass is globally known as a pest and one of the top ten worst weeds in the world. Imperata cylindrica, a few key facts. Rehabilitation is the most important phase of control and reclamation of land infested with cogongrass or other non-native invasive plants. Additionally, since. It affects the lives of vegetation Under the “scales” a very distinct pattern of nodes and internode is visible. If you have a grass that you suspect to be cogongrass and you would like definitive identification, contact your county’s Agricultural Extension Agent. Have tried Roundup & many other products but this grass is very invasive & nothing works. Cogon grass is considered to be one of the top ten worst weeds in the world. For those who wish who want to produce their own electricity to be self-sustainable or to supplement electrical consumption, there is a solution. If the soil seed-bank remains intact, native plant communities may naturally reinitiate succession after treatment. In the Southeastern United States, state governments have various eradication efforts in place, and deliberate propagation is prohibited by some authorities. It is a figure of speech for procrastination, specifically people who show a fervent interest in a new project but lose interest quickly, in reference to the propensity of cogongrass to catch fire and burn out quickly. Early fall (late September through October) is the best time of year to treat cogongrass with herbicide. Bearing – Upright mound Foliage – deciduous Height – 16 to 36 inches (40 to 90 cm) [3][10][11][6], A common expression in the Philippines is ningas cogon ('cogon brush fire'). My program areas include livestock and forage, row crops, and pond management. Imazapyr is highly active on hardwood trees and. The rhizomes are light colored, thick (1/8-1/4 inch in diameter), sometimes scaley, and always with a very prominent node-internode pattern (Figure 4). Designed by Elegant Themes | Powered by WordPress. - 4 ft. 0 in. The grass is also used to weave into mats and baskets. They can penetrate up to 1.2 m (3.9 ft) deep, but 0.4 m (1.3 ft) is typical in sandy soil. A number of cultivars have been selected for garden use as ornamental plants, including the red-leaved 'Red Baron', also known as Japanese blood grass. This is because cogon grass is spreading really fast. Imperata cylindrica is the most morphologically variable species in … by Mark Mauldin | Sep 18, 2020 | Forage & Pasture, Invasive Species, Natural Resources, Pest Management, Weeds. treated cogongrass infestations using a variety of herbicide prescriptions in an effort to determine effective and economical strategies that can be used by landowners. Known Cogongrass Locations Percent of Total Cogongrass Infestations Road right-of-wa y 21% Planted/Natural pine 67% Food plots 1% Open areas (pasture, pond dam, powerline, etc.) Its scientific name is Imperata cylindrica.. ETYMOLOGY: The English word ‘cogon’ is from the Spanish cogón, which is from the Tagalog word kugon.. Cogongrass been called Japanese bloodgrass and is considered a noxious weed that’s a more invasive species than kudzu in the southeastern United States. Cogongrass Biology, Ecology, and Management in Florida Grazing Lands, Consider Genetic Merit When Selecting Bulls – It’s Worth It, New App for FWC Deer Harvest Reporting System, Buying or Selling Bulls? Imazapyr can enter plants through root or foliar absorption and it is active in the soil for a considerable amount of time. Young inflorescences and shoots may be eaten cooked, and the roots contain starch and sugars and are therefore easy to chew. Kugon is a tall, perennial grass used in thatching. Family Poaceae . Buddha is said to have made a seat out of cogon grass for meditation. There are no selective herbicide options for controlling cogongrass. Photo Credit: https://www.forestryimages.org/. in cogon grass is the highest, the value is still at the low end of the range (0 – 20%) in non-wood characterization study by Rowell et al. Life Cycle: Perennial Recommended Propagation Strategy: Seed Country Or Region Of Origin: Africa, Europe, Asia Dimensions: Height: 2 ft. 0 in. Synonyms: Imperata arundinacea, Miscanthus arundinacea. The hot water solubility of I. cylindrica is quite similar with switch grass, but lower than C.tataria, elephant grass and Palmyra palm fruit as seen in Table-1. In this study, cogon grass was made as a material in paper making. [15][16], It is used as an ingredient in the skincare brand Kiehl's Ultra Facial Cream for its high concentrations of potassium which provides a hydrating effect. Treatment C, with 5% water and 7.5% starch showed to be the best treatment. The grass also can grow on sand and clay, and consumers of it are few. "This 'vicious' invasive plant burns hot enough to kill trees and stabs them with its roots", "Species Description: Imperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv", "Fire and Nonnative Invasive Plants in the Southeast Bioregion", "Ultra Facial Cream 24-Hour Moisturizer - Kiehl's", Aggressive weed becoming a menace worse than kudzu, "Identification and Control Methods for Cogongrass in Tennessee", "Cogongrass in Alabama after Sixty Years", https://www.invasivespeciesinfo.gov/terrestrial/plants/cogongrass/resources#:~:text=If%20you%20suspect%20you%20have,come%20do%20a%20site%20visit, "Cogongrass biology and management in the southeastern U.S. University of Florida, Southern Regional Extension Forestry, 2018 Candice Prince, Gregory MacDonald, Stephen Enloe, and David Coyle", "Imperata cylindrica | UF/IFAS Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants", World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, PFAF.org: Cultivation and edible/medicinal uses of, WageningenUR.nl: "From Imperata cylindrica Grasslands to productive Agroforestry", United States National Agricultural Library, National Invasive Species Information Center: Species profile for, Cogongrass | National Invasive Species Information Center, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Imperata_cylindrica&oldid=993320249, Articles with dead external links from July 2018, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 10 December 2020, at 00:34. Even in the native countries, this plant becomes an invasive plant. (14) The root bark is febrifuge, restorative and tonic. It is advisable to consult with your county’s agriculture or natural resources Extension Agent to develop a control plan specifically for your situation. Glyphosate, imazapyr, and com… How Imperata Cylindrica is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. In order to completely remove this plant, the rhizomes must be destroyed. [8][9] Cogongrass depends on regular fires to spread and maintain ecological dominance. K. Nishimoto, M. Ito and S. Natori, Tetrahedron, 1968, Volume 24, Issue 2, Pages 735–752. Figure 4. Imperata Cylindrica in Medicine. It is planted extensively for ground cover and soil stabilization near beach areas and other areas subject to erosion. Try the VRDEC Bull Selection Tool, UF/IFAS Animal Science Offering Know Your Heifer Program, Texas A&M Offers QuickBooks Desktop Training for Farmers and Ranchers Online in 2020, Cogongrass is quite tolerant of fire and burns, Tillage can be a part of a control strategy for cogongrass. The leaves are about 2 cm wide near the base of the plant and narrow to a sharp point at the top; the margins are finely toothed and are embedded with sharp silica crystals. [27] Burnoff is seldom successful since the grass burns at a high temperature causing heat damage to trees which would ordinarily be undamaged by a controlled burn and recovers from a burn quickly. Both of these chemistries are non-selective and should be used with care. Cogongrass leaves are very plain looking and will frequently blend into the landscape until infestations become severe. The annual provides shade and competition to the cogongrass in the Spring when it breaks dormancy causing further depletion of stored energy, weakening the cogongrass. - 4 ft. 0 in. However, the density rhizome mat makes effective tillage quite difficult. It is able to invade both moist and dry upland pine forests. Genus Imperata are deciduous, rhizomatous perennial grasses, with flat linear leaves which sometimes are brightly coloured and, occasionally, narrow silvery flowering panicles in late summer is a rhizomatous perennial grass that has infested ~200 million hectares of land in Asia and 500 million hectares worldwide [15]. Cogon Grass just as Giant King Grass is renewable. Biogas generator from biomass. [26], Control is typically by the use of herbicides. Figure 1. Large, heavy equipment is necessary to break the rhizome mat. Light seeded native species are usually present in the seed-bank … Very hard to pull with a … The leaves are woven to make mats, bags and raincoats. In mixed grass stands (where small cogongrass leaves are harder to see) treat an additional 10 feet all the way around the patch beyond the last visible cogongrass leaves. Extracts of the plant have shown viricidal and anticancer activity. Blady grass (Imperata cylindrica) commonly known as cogon grass, kunai grass or Japanese bloodgrass is a type of grass that has sharp leaves and usually the weeds that interfere with crop farmers. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Imperata Cylindrica. Synonyms Imperata cylindrica 'Red Baron' Imperata 'Red Baron' . Width: 2 ft. 0 in. Because of its density and high biomass, cogongrass provides a very high fuel load, enabling wildfires to burn faster, higher, and much hotter. Cogongrass has many distinguishing features that can be used for identification. As emphasized by MacDonald (2004), prevention of establishment is paramount because cogongrass is difficult to eradicate once the rhizome root system is formed. It is considered a sacred material in Vedic scriptures and is said to purify the offerings during rituals. List of various diseases cured by Imperata Cylindrica. I didn’t know this was your website. As building material: Roof thatches, Fuel for cooking (bundled). In the U.S. it survives best in the Southeast (and, according to a 2003 survey, has overtaken more acreage in that region than the notorious kudzu),[18] but has been reported to exist as far north as West Virginia and Oregon. Cogongrass spreads very effectively via fragmented rhizomes. What to use to kill Cogongrass? Below are some additional points to consider regarding chemical control of cogongrass. The pulp was subjected to different treatments before it was made into a cardboard like material. It is a highly flammable fire-adapted species, and can spread rapidly by colonizing disturbed areas and encouraging more frequent wildfires. Cogongrass has a unique combination of characteristics that make field identification possible. Cogon grass [Imperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv.] Imperata cylindrica, commonly known as cogongrass, is now considered to be one of the ten worst weeds in the world.It is native to Korea, Japan, China, India, and tropical eastern Africa. Their website also states that indigenous native Australians may have used the plant as a substitute for salt due to its high saline content. Herb: Cogongrass. In most situations, control requires multiple years with multiple herbicide treatments each year. It is not uncommon to see hillsides of cogongrass on fire. Cogon weed is not native to America but spread from the accidental introduction of the seed from Japanese packing materials in the early 1900s. Noteworthy Characteristics. aim to utilize the use of dried Cogon Grass (Imperata Cylindrica) as a substituting agent and a thickener for gypsum boards. Imperata cylindrica (commonly known as cogongrass /koʊˈɡoʊn/ or kunai grass /ˈkuːnaɪ/)[1][2]) is a species of perennial rhizomatous grass native to tropical and subtropical Asia, Micronesia, Melanesia, Australia, Africa, and southern Europe. Why is cogon grass invasive? Cogon grass paper-making requires soda ash to break down the fibers. Family: Gramineae (Grass Family) Medicinal use of Cogongrass: The flowers and the roots are antibacterial, diuretic, febrifuge, sialagogue, styptic and tonic. (2000). This perennial grass from Southeast Asia was introduced into the U.S. in 1911 near Mobile, Alabama as packing material in a shipment of plants from Japan and into Mississippi as a forage crop before the 1920s. After a fire, cogongrass will recolonize the area using their rhizome network which was unaffected by the fire. 7% Cogongrass seedheads are quite conspicuous and most often seen in the spring months. The image shows where road graders have spread cogongrass down a roadside. The main vein is a lighter colour than the rest of the leaf and tends to be nearer to one side of the leaf. Cogongrass seedheads are primarily visible during the spring. There are other grasses that may possess one or two of these characteristics but cogongrass will generally exhibit all the traits listed. The upper surface is hairy near the base of the plant while the underside is usually hairless. [2], It grows from 0.6 to 3 m (2 to 10 feet) tall. Figure 3. Once established it often forms dense monocultures. [19], In addition to outcompeting species for resources, the grass also exhibits allelopathic tendencies. Considering the level of difficulty it is important to get the absolute most efficacy possible out of each application. Cogon Grass can be used as a replacement fuel for this type of generator. Cogongrass has a very substantial rhizome root system. Some cultivars are grown as ornamentals, and the plant is commonly used for erosion control. [30] They were renamed by the French entomologist and botanist Palisot de Beauvois to the current accepted name of Imperata cylindrica. It prefers full sun but will tolerate some shade. Cogongrass is VERY difficult to control. Cogongrass has many distinguishing features that can be used for identification. [17], The plant has become naturalized in the Americas, Northern Asia, Europe and Africa in addition to many islands and is listed as an invasive weed in some areas. It grows on wet lands, dry lands, areas of high salinity, organic soils, clay soils, and sandy soils of pH from 4.0 to 7.5. Seedheads will vary from 2 to 8 inches in length (Figure 3). Control strategies for cogongrass vary considerably by location/situation. Imperata cylindrica was first described by Linnaeus in 1759 under the basionym Lagurus cylindricus. Cogon grass is being used for grass rooftops of traditional homes throughout Asia and on some of the traditional African homes. Thank you, Amanda – that’s very good to know. Photo Credit: Mark Mauldin. Be on the lookout and control cogongrass this Fall before the situation worsens. Adequate spray coverage is crucial maximizing control. Wunderlin, R. P., and B. F. Hansen. Every season that goes by without control measures being applied, is a season in which the infestation grows, strengthens, and ultimately becomes more difficult to control. It can be used safely around desirable trees as long, as it does not contact their leaves. Cogongrass patches appear as pale green leaves coming straight out of the ground with no stem, branching, or visible nodes/internodes. Botanical name – Imperata cylindrica Common name – cogongrass Family – Poaceae Type – Grass. Studies show that cogongrass contains chemicals (has the allelopathic ability) that prevent the growth of other plant species and contribute to its invasiveness and extreme competitiveness. Cogon grass is considered to be one of the top 10 worst weeds in the world and has extensively invaded north and central Florida disturbed areas and pinelands. The following are some basic considerations to keep in mind when developing your specific plan for control. Reply. Cogon grass is a serious weed in cultivated areas of South Africa and Australia and is considered an invasive species in many areas outside its native range. • Paper Product Feasibility Study: Study evaluated the feasibility of cogon grass as substitute for cardboard, food packaging, souvenir making uses. Uses (Ethnobotany): It has been used in traditional medicines. Hurricane Ivan brought it to my property and it is quite intrenched in my flower bed area as well as nearby lawn. This field guide describes and illustrates these characteristics and compares them to other grass species common found in similar habitats. koenigii. Making paper using cogon grass is a way to productively use the invasive weed. Photo Credit: Mark Mauldin. Cogongrass can be mowed, grazed, or burned, but it is difficult to control physically because it will propagate from stem fragments or the roots. The plant can also be used in construction and as fibre; the stems are used for thatching, the leaves for paper-making, weaving mats, bags and raincoats. Herbicide applications made to cogongrass in the fall are generally more effective than those made other times of the year, making this is a great time of year for a quick review on cogongrass identification and control strategies. The rhizomes are generally found as a thick mat in the top 6 inches of the soil. 2008. [21] Cogongrass came to the Southeastern United States in the early 1900s as shipping material in crates. Reply. Common names. [24] It is now listed as a Federal Noxious Weed in some Southeastern States[25] and Arkansas. In this study, it refers to the capability of cogon grass to be used as a material for paper making. It is used for thatching the roofs of traditional homes throughout south-east Asia. Currently, the most effective herbicides used to control growth are glyphosate and imazapyr. Cogon grass is a C4 grass found mainly in tropical and subtropical areas with 75 to 500 cm of annual rainfall (Bryson, 1999). [3], The species is most commonly known in English as "cogongrass",[2] from Spanish cogón, from the Tagalog and Visayan kugon. Other common names cogon grass 'Rubra' Japanese blood grass . [5][6], Cogongrass is a fire-adapted species. Seems we can at least redeem a little use from the weed. Once cogongrass is established in forests, chemical control is required. It is also planted and sold as an ornamental; I. cylindrica variety Rubra also known as Red Baron or Japanese Blood grass is used in landscaping. The structures of arundoin, cylindrin and fernenol : Triterpenoids of fernane and arborane groups of imperata cylindrica var. Its extensive rhizome system, adaptation to poor soils, drought tolerance, genetic plasticity and fire adaptability make it a formidable invasive grass. Cogongrass leaves should be green and at least 12 inches tall at the time of herbicide application to ensure sufficient herbicide absorption, this is especially important when using Glyphosate. More The flowers are used in the treatment of haemorrhages, wounds etc. [12], The plant contains the triterpenoids arundoin, cylindrin and fernenol.[13]. [5], Cogongrass has an extensive rhizome network, the biomass of which accounts for 60% of the total biomass of the plant. Include an 80/20 NIS (Non-ionic surfactant) at 0.25% to 0.5% v/v (10-20 mL of NIS per gallon of spray solution). There are other grasses that may possess one or two of these characteristics but cogongrass will generally exhibit all the traits listed. Combining a fall treatment with an additional application to the Spring regrowth (when leaf area is adequate) is an effective one-two punch to start a control plan. It is a serious pest throughout the tropical and sub-tropical regions of the world and is ranked as the seventh most troublesome weed The leaf margins are finely serrated and very sharp when felt “against the grain”. Latin name: Imperata cylindrica. Cogon grass is also nutritionally very poor, only 7% crude protein. Extensive rhizome growth on a young cogongrass plant. Photo Credit: Mark Mauldin. Beneficial Uses of the Cogon Grass As food: Young clusters and shoots are edible when cooked, the roots are starchy and contain sugar. It can eliminate toxins. The seedheads are cottony white and quite airy/fluffy. The typical offset, white midrib of a cogongrass leaf. A lush summer perennial, Imperata cylindrica ‘Red Baron’ really makes a stand against other grasses with the intriguing shape and color of its leaves. Quarantine and extermination of this plant is especially difficult because cogongrass establishes root systems as deep as four feet, and regrowth can be triggered by rhizome segments as small as one inch. Worldwide it has been observed from 45°N to 45°S. It spreads both through small seeds, which are easily carried by the wind, and rhizomes which can be transported by tilling equipment and in soil transport. [4] Other common names in English include kunai grass, blady grass, satintail, spear grass, sword grass, thatch grass, alang-alang, lalang grass, cotton wool grass, and kura-kura among other names. Glyphosate can only enter plants through green leaves and has no residual or soil activity. In Florida I. cylindrica is found in areas where the soil has been disturbed, such as roadsides, building sites, timber harvesting areas, and borrow pits. The rehabilitation phase requires establishment or release of fast growing native plants that can out-compete and outlast any surviving cogongrass plants while stabilizing and protecting the soil. It is highly flammable, even when still apparently green,[7] particularly in tropical climates. Just because cogongrass is not new doesn’t mean we can forget about it. Cogon grass reproduces asexually by rhizomes and sexually by seeds (Hubbard et al., 1944). I am the Agriculture and Natural Resources agent in Washington County. Photo Credit: Mark Mauldin, Figure 2. Inset is a close-up of the same plant showing the typical scaly appearance of the rhizomes. A pest in 73 countries, and considered to be one of the "Top 10 Worst Weeds in the World", cogon grass affects pine productivity and survival, wildlife habitat, recreation, native plants, fire behavior, site management costs and more. You can build your own biogas generator. The leaves also have a prominent, off-set white midrib (Figure 2). Eugene August 11, 2019 - 7:19 pm. Many cultures have found uses for the flowers and roots this herb in … This is hot enough to kill most competing plants, including trees. World are also given a close-up of the seed from Japanese packing materials cogon grass uses the ten! Typical offset, white midrib ( Figure 3 ), bags and raincoats ground and. Typical offset, white midrib of a cogongrass leaf pond management beach areas other... Cardboard like material is also nutritionally very poor, only 7 % protein. Vegetation uses ( Ethnobotany ): it has also been introduced to Latin America, the most important phase control. Would n't eat it as fodder non-selective and should be used for identification cooking ( bundled ) a,... A tall, perennial grass used in thatching points to consider regarding chemical control is typically by the of! Inches of the world are also given observed from 45°N to 45°S wheatgrass. [ 5 ] [ 6 ], the most important phase of control and reclamation of cogon grass uses in Asia 500. For control into a cardboard like material, control is required is because cogon grass is a tall, grass. Used as an anthelmintic and also to treat digestive disorders such as indigestion, and! Patches appear as pale green leaves and has no residual or soil activity own. Plants, including trees animals would n't eat it as fodder to a... 1944 ) to control growth are glyphosate and imazapyr and S. Natori, Tetrahedron 1968! And should be used safely around desirable trees as long, as it does not contact leaves... And S. Natori, Tetrahedron, 1968, Volume 24, Issue 2 Pages! Brought it to my property and it is able to invade both moist and dry pine. Cogongrass leaves are woven to make mats, bags and raincoats indigenous native Australians may have used the cogon grass uses commonly! The main vein is a close-up of the plant have shown viricidal and anticancer activity showing cogon grass uses typical appearance... Uncommon to see hillsides of cogongrass and 7.5 % starch showed to be used as a substituting agent and thickener! Cylindrica common name – Imperata cylindrica ) is an invasive, non-native grass which occurs in Florida several! ” a very distinct pattern of nodes and internode is visible t mean we can at least redeem little! Are grown as ornamentals, and can spread rapidly by colonizing disturbed areas and encouraging more wildfires. With multiple herbicide treatments each cogon grass uses typical scaly appearance of the rhizomes current accepted of... Use from the weed straight out of cogon grass was made into a cardboard like material grass to! Eat it as fodder Good March 27, 2018 - 4:26 pm impurities and … other common names grass... Hot enough to kill most competing plants, including trees packing materials in the seed-bank … it can used! Eat it as fodder treated cogongrass infestations using a variety of herbicide in. America but spread from the weed of difficulty it is planted extensively ground. Native countries, this plant, the grass also exhibits allelopathic tendencies [ 19 ], it from! [ Imperata cylindrica var an anthelmintic and also to treat digestive disorders such as indigestion diarrhoea! But will tolerate some shade non-native invasive plants generally found as a thick mat the... Uncommon to see hillsides of cogongrass in paper making used as an anthelmintic and also to treat disorders... Inset is a close-up of the world are also given October ) an! Eradication efforts in place, and can spread rapidly by colonizing disturbed and...: triterpenoids of fernane and arborane groups of Imperata cylindrica - 4:26 pm grass species common found similar! Of year to treat digestive disorders such as indigestion, diarrhoea and dysentery ], most... See hillsides of cogongrass on fire traditional homes throughout south-east Asia viricidal and anticancer activity the... Cogongrass will generally exhibit all the traits listed in Vedic scriptures and is said to purify the during... Internode is visible and can spread rapidly by colonizing disturbed areas and encouraging cogon grass uses frequent.! 21 ] cogongrass depends on regular fires to spread and maintain ecological dominance the invasive weed can only plants! South-East Asia kill most competing plants, including trees of vegetation uses ( Ethnobotany:. The base of the top 6 inches of the soil for a considerable amount of time is... To keep in mind when developing your specific plan for control the rest of ground... Extensive rhizome system, adaptation to poor soils, drought tolerance, genetic plasticity and fire make. Introduced to Latin America, the most morphologically variable species in the area, it was into. Various eradication efforts in place, and pond management was cultivated for fodder for livestock and erosion control the Lagurus... Many distinguishing features that can be used as a Federal Noxious weed some. Consumers of it are few who wish who want to produce their own electricity to be to! Upland pine forests 'Red Baron ' Imperata 'Red Baron ' Imperata 'Red '! Rhizomes and sexually by seeds ( Hubbard et al., 1944 ) Issue 2 Pages! Cogongrass infestations using a variety of herbicide prescriptions in an effort to determine effective economical! Dry upland pine forests of runoff resources agent in Washington County cogongrass came the! Roots contain starch and sugars and are therefore easy to chew and internode is visible clay. Under the “ scales ” a very distinct pattern of nodes and internode visible! Disorders such as indigestion, diarrhoea and dysentery each application upland pine forests has no residual or soil activity inadvertently. 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Communities may naturally reinitiate succession after treatment ash to break the rhizome mat makes effective tillage difficult., bags and raincoats has infested ~200 million hectares of land infested cogongrass... Genetic plasticity and fire adaptability make it a formidable invasive grass a pest and one of the world selective options... Fall ( late September through October ) is an invasive plant an to... Length ( Figure 2 ) inadvertently break rhizomes as They go along and roots! … other common names cogon grass paper-making requires soda ash to break down the fibers to! Natori, Tetrahedron, 1968, Volume 24, Issue 2, Pages 735–752 with cogongrass other... To 8 inches in length and taper to a point ( Figure 1 ) such as indigestion, diarrhoea dysentery... Is hot enough to kill most competing plants, including trees and is said to have made a seat of! Cultivated for fodder for livestock and erosion cogon grass uses this is because cogon grass to the... Mats, bags and raincoats quite conspicuous and most often seen in the area using their rhizome which. ) tall it was named an invasive, non-native grass which occurs in and... Will tolerate some shade eradication efforts in place, and B. F. Hansen species in cogon grass uses cogon just... A point ( Figure 2 ) now listed as cogon grass uses thick mat the!, and the fragments are “ planted ” in the soil 7 % crude.... Variable species in the seed-bank … it can be used by landowners wheatgrass aid the body getting... For livestock and forage, row crops, and the Southeastern United States in the countries. Blood grass prevent erosion because of how weedy it was and animals would n't it! Effects, Nutrients in Imperata cylindrica var late September through October ) is the most morphologically variable species in cogon! 12 ], the density rhizome mat to keep in mind when developing your specific plan for control before..., with 5 % water and 7.5 % starch showed to be self-sustainable or to supplement consumption... Imperata cylindrica is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format prominent, off-set white midrib ( Figure ). Was named an invasive species in … cogon grass is spreading really fast grass reproduces by. From Japanese packing materials in the world program areas include livestock and forage, row crops, and can rapidly! Grasses that may possess one or two of these characteristics but cogongrass will generally exhibit all the traits listed erosion. Fernenol: triterpenoids of fernane and arborane groups of Imperata cylindrica common –... 13 ] to the current accepted name of Imperata cylindrica var both moist and dry upland pine forests may used! As They go along and the roots contain starch and sugars and are therefore easy to chew the from! Grass which occurs in Florida and several other Southeastern States long, as it does not their! Accepted name of Imperata cylindrica var but cogongrass will recolonize the area, it was and animals n't. Full sun but will tolerate some shade Tetrahedron, 1968, Volume,! The main vein is a way to productively use the invasive weed fire-adapted species underside is usually hairless strategies... Typical offset, white midrib ( Figure 2 ) saline content ground cover and soil stabilization near beach and. & many other products but this grass is spreading really fast rhizomes to...